Kočo (Kosta Solev) Racin, born in Veles, 1908 is considered to have been founder of the Modern Macedonian literature. He came down of a poor family, and that's why he had to terminate his education and started working as a potter.
Observing the social injustice, he came into a conclusion that those who work hard, gain nothing. Because of that he joined the workers movement and became a member of the Communist Party of Yugoslavija (KPJ). He was banished and imprisoned because of his illegal activities. He joined the War for National Liberation in its most important moments. He was killed on the Lopushnik mountain in 1943, as a victim of misunderstanding and under suspicious circumstances.
"Kosta Solev Racin"
Kočo Racin wrote songs, stories, literary-historical articles, cooperate with several magazines, wrote literary critiques and essays. In his essay "Razvitok na edna nova nasha knizevnost" (The development of our new literature), he pointed out that: the most correct and possible way of development of the modern literature in our country is to lean it on the inexhaustible lingual treasure of the Macedonian folklore and on the social views of the progressive social element. This should be remembered because it represents inner law of the development of this literature. These attitudes resulted in a small, but very important collection Beli mugri (White Dawns).
The collection Beli mugri (White Dawns) was published in Zagreb in 1939. He was especially and purely interested in the difficult life of the earners in the foreign countries, workers in a field and farmers. In his honor, a Balkan literary manifestation Racin's Meetings is held annually, in his native town, Veles.
Like necklaces about the throat
strings of sold stones
so have the days lain down
on our shoulders and weigh heavy.
Daus are they - days
the hardships of hired labourers!
Rise in the morning early
return in the evening late,
in the morning take with you joy
in the evening bring bask grief -
a plague in it, may it be
damned, this life of a dog!
Be born a man - become a bondsaman
be born a man - and die a beast,
beastlike, toil your wgole life long
for others, on others' holdings.
For the white palacet of others
dir your own blask graves!
For yourselves nought but gard labour
for yourselves nought but trouble -
string a necklace of days
string forged iron rings,
string the chain of iron bound around your throat!
Kočo Racin was poet of a strong social protest and a real national poet because all his work is dedicated to his nation.
He learned from his predecessors, especially from Konstantin Miladinov, studied in details the ideas of Krste Petkov Misirkov and thanks to his capability to go in-depth of the things - he chose the most correct way of creating the Macedonian national literature. He learned from his predecessors, especially from Konstantin Miladinov, studied in details the ideas of Krste Petkov Misirkov and thanks to his capability to go in-depth of the things - he chose the most correct way of creating the Macedonian national literature.