In the period of 500 years under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, the Macedonian nation made several attempts to resist - through the Skenderbeg Uprising in the 15th century, the Mariovo-Prilep riot, 100 years later and the famous Karposh Uprising in 1689.
However, since the period of Tsar Samoil and the expansion of the Ottoman Empire over the Balkans, up until the beginning of the 20th century, nothing more important happened than the events signifying the Ilinden era.
In the last decade of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, the written word became powerful weapon in the struggle for the national and social rights in Macedonia. The works of the authors were powerful weapon against the foreign interests and propaganda. Later on, a group of writers appeared who contributed to the development of the literature: Dimo Hadzi Dimov, Gorche Petrov, Nikola Kirov Majski, Atanas Razdolov, Arseni Jovkov, Dimitar Vihrov, Trajko Kitanchev, Lazar Pop Trajkov, Georgi Dinkov - Dinkata and others.
The most important event from this period was the establishment of the " Young Macedonian literary society" in Sofia. The activities of this society and the appearance of the "Vine" magazine were directed towards the designing of the Macedonian standard language. Certainly, the Bulgarian authority broke the society up and forbid the further publishing of the "Vine" magazine.
The Macedonian literary activists: Krste Petkov Misirkov, Dimitrija Chupovski and others developed wide range of activities in the framework of the Macedonian literary society "St. Clement". Two newsletters were published: "Vardar" - in Macedonian and "Macedonian golos" in Russian language, and Za Makedonckite raboti (On Macedonian Matters) written by Krste Petkov Misirkov.