Chronology of the 20th century till today
In Petrograd, Russia was established the Secret Macedonian Revolutionary Committee.
Foundation of the Slavonic-Macedonian Scholarly Literary Society in St. Petersburg, Russia.
Congress of Smilevo and Solun.
1903 (August 2nd)
The Ilinden Uprising and the ten days of the Kruševo Republic.
The congress of IMRO (VMRO) in the monastery in Rila, Bulgaria.
Started the Young-Turkish revolution.
Establishment and activity of the Popular Federal Party.
The Balkan Wars and Macedonia's partition with the Peace Treaty of Bucharest.
The First World War.
The Treaty of Versailles sanctions the partition of Macedonia (among Greece, Bulgaria, Serbia & Albania).
The May Manifesto, resolution of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia on the right of the Macedonian people to self-determination.
The establishment of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (United).
The Fourth Nationwide Conference of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia. This passed a decision on the establishment of a national party in Macedonia.
Establishment and ideational-political formation of the MANAPO (Macedonian National Movement).
Foundation of the Macedonian Literary Society in Sofia by outstanding Macedonian writers.
The Fifth Nationwide Conference of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia. This passed a resolution on the equality and self- determination of the Macedonian people.
The Second World War.
Macedonia's participation in the Second World War (National Liberation War of Macedonia).
proclamation of the Macedonian state. (August 2nd).
1944 (November 8th)
Mihajlo Apostolski is born in Štip 1906, Macedonian national hero, academic and general. During the second world war, he worked in the organization for defense in the country and active took part in the National Liberation war. He died in Dojran on 7th August, 1987.
Formation of the first government of the People's Republic of Macedonia (April 16).
Adoption of the Macedonian alphabet.
Start of university education in Macedonian (Faculty of Philosophy).
Adoption of the first constitution of the People's Republic of Macedonia.
Powerful earthquake ruins 80% of Skopje, leaves 1000 death and thousands of homeless.
Foundation of the Macedonian Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Proclamation of the autocephalous Macedonian Orthodox Church (Restoration of the Archbishopric of Ohrid forbidden in 1767).
1980 (May 4th)
The death of the Yugoslav leader Josip Broz-Tito comes as a shock for the Macedonian people.
1991 (September 8th)
Referendum on a sovereign and independent state.
Quarrel starts between Greece and Macedonia about name and flag of the independent country.
1991 (November 17th)
Adoption of the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia.
Macedonia is admitted to the United Nations.
Greece imposed a trade blockade of Macedonia and starts vetoing EU aid to its neighbor.
Macedonia becomes a member of the Council of Europe.
1995 (September 15th)
Macedonia and Greece drafted a first agreement towards settling their dispute about name and flag of Macedonia.
1995 (October 13th)
After signing the agreement, Greece lifts its 1994 embargo.
Influx of 300,000 ethnic Albanian refugees, from the Serbian province of Kosovo. They were settled in a refugees camp all over northern Macedonia.
Armed conflict between the Macedonian Army and Albanian rebels terrorists in northwestern Macedonia.
2004 (February 26th)
The second President of Macedonia, Boris Trajkovski dies when his aircraft crashed near Mostar (Bosnia & Herzegovina).
2004 (November 4th)
United States of America officially recognizes Macedonia under it's constitutional name Republic of Macedonia. Greek officials protest.
Macedonia history - 20th century
- Ilinden uprising (1903)
- Manifest of the Krusevo Republic
- Macedonia: Balkan wars & division of Macedonia (1912-1913)
- Aegean Macedonia since 1913 - Macedonians in Greece
- Aegean Macedonia names & toponyms
- Vardar Macedonia (1913-1946)
- Pirin Macedonia since 1913
- Mala Prespa, Golo Brdo & Pogradec since 1913
- Macedonia - First world war (1914-1918)
- Macedonia - Second world war (1941-1945)
- The Belicica massacre
- Socialist Republic of Macedonia
- Independence of the Republic of Macedonia